The direction of the upcoming Vietnam garment ?
Forecast exports of garment products in Vietnam this year may reach 11 to 11.2 billion U.S. dollars , an increase of 23-24 % compared to 2009 , but the deputy general director of Vietnam Textile and Garment Group ( Vinatex ) Le Tien Truong maintains that this industry still exists , especially productivity problems .
Forecast exports of garment products in Vietnam this year may reach 11 to 11.2 billion dollars .
Exports leading products but imported raw materials, auxiliary materials also increased , labor-intensive collection of low value ; major industrial products , but mainly ... processing , textile Vietnam to embrace the many paradoxes between the implementation and effectiveness of the practice.
Looking at the future direction of the textile sector of Vietnam, Mr. Truong said that measures are required to improve productivity , which takes into account the development of industry clusters to connect production chain more efficient , user to compete .
He shared Schools :
- Obviously, from the point of today 's textile after 15 years of development , the biggest weakness is not connected to ensure supply from the beginning to the end of the supply chain .
To solve this all requires great effort from the business community , but at the same time as the decision-makers in government , affirming direction to build textile clusters interconnected , ensuring for Vietnam's garment industry has become a higher value , going from the first stage to the last stage .
Could you tell me more ideas about textile cluster development in the future will be like ?
The development of textile industry clusters , clearly not from spontaneous place of business investment , especially in the garment business . Because unfortunately , the number of enterprises is large , very large collection of labor , however, can be placed anywhere very easily.
Meanwhile , development of supporting industries , raw material requires a lot of factors of geography , traffic , and water resources , especially high-tech workforce , high quality to meet production to be supporting industries .
So , now it needs a clear plan for the local area to be able to invest in the textile industry cluster , which primarily invest in fiber , weaving , dyeing and finishing , and the sample may yield the best workers , the best investment connected to it , as the nature product package models to reach large buyers , receiving large orders . But then , can continue to disperse in the local sewing . Then there is the investment direction in textile clusters .
Because , if concentrated in one spot, sewing insufficient labor resources and causing bottlenecks in the number of employees , number of people in each local focus . So sewing but dispersed to form the garment factory advanced , world-class , high- performance , highly automated , so tied to the textile industrial cluster located in the local delta , have traffic conditions , people, infrastructure ...
We affirm as to build clusters , but the clusters are nuclear in a large center , including advanced sewing . But unfortunately continues to look great at the local scatter .
This can contribute to productivity textile , sir ?
With textile cluster development , the most important are two things here . The first problem is solved by value are interconnected materials with sewing , minimize cost delivery time , reduce transport costs along the way . Delivery time will be a factor in the fiercely competitive future of the textile industry .
Secondly , when attached to the new garment firms with high level of automation that is creating shifting patterns of garment production , from the simple to the sewing room sewing with a high level of automation more , the productivity can be increased 2 times . This is the main direction of development of textile next 5 years .
The problem of labor productivity boost as he has said will lead to higher wage demands . This can lead to difficulties for Vietnam textile , which compete with cheap labor , or not ?
This is a mandatory direction of Vietnam's garment . Because , along with the economic growth of the country, the income of the region is also adjusted . If the garment is not self-improvement through productivity will lag .
Must see geographical balance of the biggest textile Vietnam today is to improve productivity . Compared with developed countries , developing countries garment , or compared to competing countries such as China, our yield was about 30 % lower . That is the balance for local productivity growth remain.
The problem here is that the organization of production , management practices ... And for the Vietnam Textile and Garment Group , today we are giving the model plant samples : samples from the design , form of investment , in the form formation management and sample management team , towards investment , training and transfer of new projects ... Or , for a project that is not working as well as effective management and delivery model for their to improve productivity .
He comes to the inevitable trend of the textile industry to improve productivity or lag . Is there any scenario that textile industry will no longer stand in the Vietnam economy ?
There are two points confirming the role for Vietnam textile economy . First, Vietnam's GDP is still low-lying areas in the world . Second, Vietnam is a densely populated country , if not resolved by the labor sector employs large textile industries are resolved by ? Labour movement in some way ?
Either way, garment 4 times income from agriculture . And Vietnam has not yet developed to the level of a few thousand dollars of income . At present , with 3-4 thousand dollars per capita income remains as Malaysia textiles . Thus the growth of 6-7 % , then 30 years textiles still exist in Vietnam , still require planning , development -oriented .
Therefore , Vietnam is still developing geographical balance not only the professional textile industry which employs slightly different labor .